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30 Retail Competitive Intelligence Terms

30 Competitive Intelligence Terms Every Retailer Should Know

We’re breaking down some of the most used retail terms and defining some competitive intelligence language.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

The ability for computer systems to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. In retail, AI helps optimize pricing, improve inventory, and determine assortment.


A collection of products. In retail, an assortment strategy involved the number and type of products that a store displays for purchase.


A technique where you measure performance against other retailers. It’s used to determine opportunities and identify gaps.


» Learn the key benefits for retail price benchmarking 


Volume stole from a competitive product or other product in a manufacturer’s product line when a promotion exists for a specific item.

Competitive Intelligence

The process of gathering, matching, and analyzing data to gain knowledge about your competitive environment. Retailers use competitive intelligence to drive organizational growth.

Competitive Landscape

The visual representation of competing businesses. A comprehensive view of the competitive landscape helps retailers understand business drivers and obstacles.

competitive intelligence, data analysis for competitive landscape, retail competitor data

Customer Segment

A customer group that shares similar traits (demographic, geographic, behavioral). 

Data Harmonization

The process of aligning data from various sources (internal and external) and transforming the data into one cohesive dataset.

Data Mesh

An industry-leading approach to data management. It defines a clear, domain-based design paradigm to group and manage datasets ownership.


» Learn about Data Mesh @ Bungee Tech

Data Mining

Collecting large databases to identify new information, patterns and trends. In retail, data mining is usually used to analyze customer and competitor data.


Buying and selling of goods and services via the internet.

Endless Aisle

A feature of a physical store that enables the customer to browse the entire catalog of products. Instead of stocking every product in store, this allows a shopper to see all products on a tablet.

Inventory Shrinkage

The difference between recorded inventory and actual inventory. This typically happens because of a clerical error, damaged or stolen goods. If shrinkage is large, then a retailer’s profit decreases.

KVI: Key Value Item

KVIs are the products that customers usually purchase when they shop. Generally, KVIs are the products that consumers remember prices for.


KVIs are critical to staying competitive. Learn more » 

key value items, kvi in retail

Loss Leader

A pricing strategy where goods or services are offered at discounted rates (even below cost) to attract customers.

Machine Learning (ML)

The use and development of computer systems that are able to learn and adapt without following explicit instructions, by using algorithms and statistical models to analyze and draw inferences from patterns in data. Machine learning in retail is useful to process data, identify patterns, and discover gaps.

MAP: Minimum Advertised Price

A pricing policy that doesn’t allow retailers to advertise prices below a specific amount.

Market Basket Analysis

A data mining technique used by retailers to increase sales by better understanding customer purchase patterns.


Launch a differential market basket analysis with these best practices »

market basket analysis, data analysis for customer purchase patterns

Market Share

The measurement of product performance in comparison to competitors – calculated by driving brand sales from category sales.

Merchandise Mix

The breadth and depth of the products carried by retailers. Also referred to as product mix.

Mystery Shopping

An in person research method used to evaluate assortment, pricing, promotions, and availability.


Commerce that integrates different methods (online, mobile apps, in store) so that customers can engage across the channels simultaneously.

Out of Stock

Commerce that integrates different methods (online, mobile apps, in store) so that customers can engage across the channels simultaneously.

Price Intelligence

Gathering omnichannel price data then tracking, monitoring, and analyzing the information in order to optimize pricing strategy.

Product Matching

A form of data analysis and the process of matching exact, equivalent, or similar products across various sources. 


★ Everything you need to know about product matching here 

product matching

Price Elasticity

A measure of the relationship between a change in the quantity demanded of a particular product and a change in its price.


Checking out merchandise in store, but buying online.

Trade Promotion

When a retailer is paid by a manufacturer to launch events with a goal to increase product sales.


Checking out merchandise online, but buying in store.

Web Scraping

Extracting data from websites.

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